Urmas Mand

Destination Estonia: An exception to the rule

The first thing that comes to mind about Estonia is the infinitely charming medieval Old Town in Tallinn, the country’s capital city. The cobblestone streets and medieval buildings are a whole world away from what you can expect from, say, Helsinki, Stockholm, Oslo, or Copenhagen.

Each of these four cities are beautiful and have their own, unique characteristics that separate them from each other, but they are also distinctly Nordic, modern and, in a sense, Western (although Helsinki clearly has Eastern influences). Tallinn, on the other hand, feels distinctly Eastern, its architecture reminding the visitor of other beautiful Eastern European old towns, such as those of Prague, Krakow, or Riga (and outside of the Old Town, you can feel the history under Soviet and Russian oozing out of the buildings themselves). And yet, a short ferry ride can take you from the West to this historic Eastern beauty. Through its history, culture, and location, Estonia connects Eastern Europe, Central Europe, and Scandinavia, making it an essential addition to your Nordic itinerary.


Another aspect that makes Estonia a very different creature to most of the Nordic destinations, is the cost related to travelling to and within the country. In comparison to its Scandinavian cousins, Estonia is an extremely affordable destination.


The food culture is heavily influenced by Russian, Scandinavian, German as well French kitchens (in that order!). Like the Finns, Estonians love their dark rye bread, although it has a distinctly different taste to the traditional Finnish ones. Estonians also love to pickle everything, from fish to mushrooms and everything else. Of course, expect to see a lot of smoked fish, pork (especially sausages), and potatoes on the menu, as well as lots of craft beer.

Estonia’s song and dance celebrations

Estonians are often referred to as the “singing nation” due to their mesmerising event, the Estonian Song Festival, held every five years in July at the Tallinn Song Festival Grounds. A choir of more than 30,000 singers, dressed in traditional clothing, perform to an audience of 80,000 viewers, making it an experience unlike anything you have come across before. It is organised simultaneously with the Estonian Dance Festival and has been named as a “Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity” by UNESCO. The next one will be organised in 2024 and should be on the Must See list for anyone interested in authentic cultural experience within a foreign culture.

Top destinations beyond Tallinn


Less than 2 hour’s drive away from Tallinn, lies Haapsalu, a wonderful little town with narrow streets and romantic wooden houses. It has a long-standing history as a spa resort and has been attracting spa lovers from all over the world ever since its first mud spa opened its doors back in 1825. This is a destination particularly loved by families and couples, who enjoy picnics, sailing, walking, and – of course – relaxing in the healing waters of a spa.


Saaremaa is the largest island on the West coast of Estonia, located in the Baltic Sea, and reachable by ferry from the Estonian mainland. It is largely covered by forests of pine, spruce, and juniper, and embodies Estonian’s appreciation of traditional cottages by the water as well as local food, beer, art and nature. The capital, Kuressaare, is a must-see destination on the island with its impressive medieval castle.


Another medieval city well worth a visit is Pärnu. It is the ultimate summer holiday destination in Estonia with long, white sandy beaches and shallow waters. You can walk, cycle, or roller skate along the beautiful beach promenade, try water skiing or yachting on the open waters, or paddle a canoe or a kayak down the Pärnu river to the open sea and nearby islands.

Lahemaa National Park

For nature lovers, the Lahemaa National Park is the perfect destination. It is one of Europe’s most important forest conservation areas and the large forested Kõrvemaa area south of the National Park is a home to moose, brown bears, lynxes, wild boars, foxes, and other wild animals. The national park is perfect for hiking and nature watching, offering an authentic experience of the natural landscape in Estonia.


Tartu is the second largest city in Estonia, but is easily covered by foot. It is a centre of cultural activity with many concerts, festivals, and theatre performances on offer. It is also the home of one of North Europe’s oldest universities and has lots of museums, cafes, and an active nightlife.

See our range of Estonian tours here. As a Nordic tour operator 50 Degrees North can combine a visit to Estonia with a tour to Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Norway.

Image credits: Kaupo Kalda, Visit Estonia, Jaak Nilson, Sven Zacek and Anton Klink